Kitāb al-Kharāj (Book of taxation) is a classic text on fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence), written by Abū Yusūf Yaʿqūb Ibrāhīm al-Anṣārī al-Kūfī (died. Kitab-ul-kharaj = by Abū Yūsuf Yaʻqūb; 1 edition; First published in ; Subjects: Law and legislation, Taxation, Taxation (Islamic law);. Kitab-ul-kharaj =: Islamic revenue code [Abu Yusuf Yaqub] on * FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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He served as the chief judge qadi al-qudat during reign of Harun al-Rashid. His most famous work was Kitab al-Kharaja treatise on taxation and fiscal problems of the state. Abu Yusuf lived in Kufa and Baghdadin what is now Iraqduring the 8th century. His genealogy has been traced back to Sa’d b. His mother disapproved of his academic desires, insisting that he master some trade the art of tailoring, according to some source so as to help make ends meet.

While it cannot be fully verified, stories suggest that he complied with his mother’s wishes, but also kept up his academic studies. He is portrayed as an incredibly studious individual who was unceasing in his litab for knowledge and legal understanding.

Abu Yusuf lived in Kufa until he was appointed Qadi in Baghdad.

Kitab-ul-kharaj : Islamic revenue code | Copac

According khaeaj one story, Abu Yusuf was able to provide sound advice pertaining to religious khwraj to a government official who rewarded him generously and recommended him to the caliph, Harun al-Rashid.

Khadaj this version of events is probable, it is not necessarily authentic and cannot be independently verified. What is known is that Abu Yusuf became a close acquaintance of Abbasid caliph, Harun al-Rashidwho eventually granted him the title of Grand Qadior Qadi ‘l-qudat; the first time such a title had been conferred upon someone in Islamic history.


This made the position of Grand Qadi analogous to a modern-day chief justice. During his lifetime, Abu Yusuf created a number of literary works on a range of subjects including Islamic jurisprudenceinternational law, narrations of collected traditions ahadithand others. While the caliph took some suggestions and ignored others, the overall effect was to limit the ruler’s discretion over the tax system.

The Kitab al-Athar is a collection of Kufian kitan ahadith which he narrated. As a disciple of Abu HanifaAbu Yusuf’s doctrine largely presupposes that of his mentor.

His writings and prominent political positions helped advance the Hanafi school of Islamic law throughout the Islamic empire. The doctrine of Abu Yusuf was more dependent on traditions ahadith than his master, in part because there were more authoritative prophetic traditions available to him in his time. However, he was not always consistent; in a certain number of cases he disregarded sounder and more highly developed doctrine by diverging from the opinions of his khxraj teacher. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Part of a series on Sunni Islam. Sunni schools of law. Sunni schools of theology. Ash’ari Maturidi Traditionalist Others: Jerusalem Mecca Medina Mount Sinai.

BrownJonathan The great scholar of the Hanafi Fiqh”. Retrieved February 14, Muslim scholars of the Hanafi School. Retrieved uo ” https: Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 31 Mayat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Evolution of Islamic Jurisprudence.

Sunni schools of kiatb Ash’ari Maturidi Traditionalist Others: Lists Literature Kutub al-Sittah.


Muhammad — prepared the Constitution of Medinataught the Quranand advised his companions. Ali fourth khaaraj taught. AishaMuhammad’s wife and Abu Bakr ‘s daughter taught.

Abd Allah ibn Abbas taught. Zayd ibn Thabit taught.

Umar second caliph taught. Abu Hurairah — taught. Alqama ibn Qays died taught. Kharja ibn Ali — taught. Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr taught and raised by Aisha. Urwah ibn Zubayr died taught by Aisha, he then taught.

Book of Taxation

Said ibn al-Musayyib taught. Abdullah ibn Umar taught. Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr taught by Aisha, he then taught. Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin — taught.

Hisham ibn Urwah taught. Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri died taught. Salim ibn Abd-Allah ibn Umar taught. Umar ibn Abdul Aziz raised and taught by Abdullah ibn Umar. Hammad khaarj ibi Sulman taught. Muhammad al-Baqir taught. Farwah bint al-Qasim Abu Bakr’s great grand daughter Jafar’s mother. Zayd ibn Ali Malik ibn Anas — wrote Muwattajurisprudence from early Medina period kiitab mostly followed by Sunni in Africa and taught.

Abu Yusuf wrote Usul al-fiqh. Isma’il ibn Jafar Ahmad ibn Hanbal — wrote Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal jurisprudence followed by Kitah and hadith books.

Muhammad al-Bukhari wrote Sahih al-Bukhari hadith books. Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj wrote Sahih Muslim hadith books.

Ibn Majah wrote Yl ibn Majah hadith book. Some of Muhammad’s Companions. Travelled extensively collecting the sayings of Muhammad and compiled books of hadith. Schools Sunni Ash’ari Maturidi Traditionalism.