Ascaris lumbricoides is a common nematode infecting humans worldwide with increased Here, we present a case of an intestinal ascariasis. Background With one quarter of the world population infected, the intestinal nematode Ascaris lumbricoides is one of the most common. of Ascaris lumbricoides and Necator americanus distributions in Manufahi District , Timor-Leste. Rebecca Wardell1, Archie C. A. Clements1.

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American Journal of Gastroenterology, Bull World Health Organ.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent This article does not contain any studies with animal subjects performed by any of the authors. Table 2 Characteristics of the most common current and potential laboratory-based diagnostic techniques, and their use in national control programmes.

Human Ascariasis: Diagnostics Update

Bowel obstruction due to American trypanosomiasis Chagas diseaseconstipation, adhesions, hernia, volvulus, intussusception, tumours, IBD, congenital disorders Intestinal paralysis due to post-surgical paralytic ileus, drugs, acute pancreatitis or systemic disease. African Journal of Paediatric Surgery,7: His father was a farmer and all the family helped the father, usually spending all the day working in the fields.


In order to ensure integrated diagnosis for all STH species, it is essential that research on antigen, antibody and molecular-based diagnostic tools for Ascaris is not left behind. Treatment with albendazole and piperazine was initiated, and the patient made a full recovery.


Sonographic diagnosis of ascariasis causing small bowel obstruction. In cases presenting with bowel gangrene, perforation, or intussusception with non-viable bowel, resection with primary anastomosis may be required [20,21]. Mehta V et al.

Gangrene intestine caused by Ascaris lumbricoides; report of 5 cases in children. Adult males measured 15 to 30 cm in length and 2 to 4 mm in diameter and their posterior end was curved with 2 spicules.

You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Antibody-based diagnostics may be a sensitive diagnostic tool; however, their usefulness is limited to assessing transmission in areas aiming for elimination. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal.

Drug resistance is not routinely monitored by STH control programmes.

Human Ascariasis: Diagnostics Update

The abdomen was closed with a tubal drain within it. Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: Performance evaluation of a DNA chip assay in the identification of major genitourinary pathogens.

Multiplex real-time PCR monitoring of intestinal helminths in humans reveals widespread polyparasitism in Northern Samar, the Philippines. Comparative study of faecal egg count FEC by McMaster egg counting method in individual and pooled stool samples found a significant positive correlation between results, apart from 60 samples for A. Unable to cross the capillary network, the parasite penetrates the walls of the alveoli, migrates to the larynx judnal is swallowed, ending up as an adult worm in the small intestines.

Quantifying the worm burden of A. Comparison of the performance of two spontaneous sedimentation techniques for the diagnosis of human intestinal parasites in the absence of a gold standard. The red blood cell count was 3. Journal of the American Medical Association, Rarely, Ascaris larvae migrate to ectopic sites, and associated eosinophilia may cause complications [ 8 lumbriciodes.


Diagnosis of Ascaris lumbricoides infection using capsule endoscopy

Acute pancreatitisother causes of acute abdominal pain see above. Unusual intestinal sequelae jufnal operations for Ascaris lumbricoides infestation. The female parasite lays tens of thousands of eggs daily that, through stool excretion, enter the environment and may infect other human hosts.

With the scale-up of national STH – control programmes, the associated scientific opportunities and known limitations of the currently recommended techniques, research on Ascaris lumbricodies is needed more than ever.

As albendazole is used to treat both LF and STH infections, disease impact surveys may be coordinated [ ], and collection of the same, conveniently sampled specimens would improve data validity and cost-effectiveness.

As control programmes potentially move towards jurnxl of STHs, antibodies may provide a good marker of infection in young children, especially in areas where children are frequently exposed to intestinal pathogens [ 6364 ].

Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. The fertilized eggs hatch in the intestine. His oral temperature was