Résumé (eng). Kerküşti Höyük, which was successively inhabited from the Early Halaf until almost to the end of the Middle Halaf is geographically located in the. View Halaf Pottery Research Papers on for free. The lower levels 11 to 7 are all part of the pre-Halaf Pottery Neolithic, the subsequent levels 6 to 4 are considered to represent a tran- sitional period, whereas.

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Pottedy now, dozens of different motifs have been recog- nised, most of which are geometric zigzag lines, triangles, concentric circles, diamonds, crosshatching, etc. New Interpretations and Approaches. Liste des illustrations Fig.

Halaf culture – Wikipedia

Two observations should, however, be taken into account. The existence of structures with high stone foundations and halat superstructures as well as the ones with well plastered earthen floors renewed twice hints that the area might have been used both permanently and seasonally.

The inner living surfaces of the dwellings can only be identified by the distribution of objects. The Halaf pottery of Kerkiisti is not different in fabric and decoration from the other Halaf sites The traditional concepts on the earliest painted pottery of Hzlaf Mesopotamia — the Hassuna, Samarra and Halaf potteries — are based on the arguments from the last century.

Style in this emblemic sense Wiessner mainly serves in highly constrained and competitive contexts; in non-competitive and symbiotic group relationships, there is little need to emphasize social group identities and boundaries by stylistic behaviour Hodder The polychrome painted Halaf pottery has been proposed to be a “trade pottety produced for export—however, the predominance of locally produced painted pottery in all areas of Halaf sites including potters settlement questions that theory.

Nineveh, Yarim Tepe I and Kharabeh Shattani, it appeared that the Halaf stra- ta belonged to the later stages of the Halaf period, clearly indicating a hiatus in occupation ibid.: So far, the earliest levels 11 to 7 have only been exposed in a limited area and have yielded sparse potetry of rectangular structures built of pise. The site was abandoned probably after being subject to flood and was not reoccupied until the Late Chalcolithic Age.


Moreover, it appears that the rise of Halaf entirely replaced the earlier system of interregional inter- action; indigenous Halaf traits now superseded the ‘foreign’ Samarra features. The Halaf period was succeeded by the Halaf-Ubaid Transitional period which comprised the late Halaf c. Some designs occur only once or twice, others are found in massive numbers such as the billy-goats or gazelles, depicted in a lively manner with long, curv- ing horns and with great attention for detail.

Old and New Perspectives on the Origins of the Halaf Culture | Peter M M G Akkermans –

True Samarra ceram- ics or Samarra cognates are rather commonly found within the Sabi Abyad sequence. Most likely they acted as counting devices expressing the quantities of objects exchanged or oth- erwise deployed.

Halaf-Ubaid Transitional periodHassuna cultureSamarra culture. Watson and Leblanc have associated the extensive distribution of Halaf fea- tures with the rise of strictly hierarchically organized chiefdoms, which required a considerable amount of communication between elite groups of different communities and encouraged the sharing and exchange of status goods of all kinds.

The seals are thought to mark the development of concepts of personal property, as pottety seals were used for this purpose in later times. You are commenting using your Facebook account. The level 6 settle- ment was built in terraces along the slope of the mound and pottdry of dense clusters of large rectangu- lar houses surrounded by smaller circular structures, which were all laid in ashes in potterj violent fire around BC.

Whereas the Samarra is directly relevant to the rise of Halaf society, this is not yet clear for the Hassuna culture. This transitional period is of crucial importance in understanding the rise of the Halaf culture cf.

Basically, the oblong structures seem to have been divid- ed in three rows or wings, each of nalaf consisted of a series of small rooms.

Mellaart took up Diane Kirkbride’s potter that the burnished pottery of early sixth millennium Umm Dabaghiyah represented an early stage of Halaf Kirkbride halsf suggested a symbiosis with the Hassuna settlements of northern Mesopotamia, thereby trying to link sites like Umm Dabaghiyah or Hassuna itself with an obsidian trade controlled by Halafians. Al Sabi Abyad fine-ware pottery was first introduced in minute quantities in the transitional level 6.


The painted decoration was sometimes fully applied on vessels.

Skip to main content. The Halaf culture is said to have appeared rather suddenly somewhere in the later sixth millennium BC. The beginnings of Halaf in a wider perspective In the light of the above, it is clear that Tell Sabi Abyad provided exciting new data on the origins and development of the Halaf culture.

Climate Change and the Course of Global History: Bowls have ten variations 1A-1K Fig. Accordingly, the site was successively occupied from the Early Halaf phase Va until more or less to the end of the Middle Halaf phase Vbl Mellaart ; Davidson ; Watkins – Campbell Pottery is rather fragmentary in the exposed area.

Actually, regional variation and largely independent adaptation, even on a micro- scale, may easily have developed in the often remote and barely accessible valleys and plains of eastern Anatolia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Halaf Pottery

Sometimes combinations of the two types of designs Multi-design are seen on one pot Fig. Fritz ; Kus ; Hillier – Hanson ; Kent ed. It was first excavated as a salvage project in by the Mardin Museum.

Click here to halzf up. The prehistoric pottery from Tell Hassan: Three levels of occupation document this period of transition and important innovations, the most interesting of which is level 6, the so-called Burnt Village at Tell Sabi Abyad fig.

Other types of Halaf pottery are known, including unpainted, cooking ware and ware with burnished surfaces. Halaf settlements has been known for a long time They kept cattle, sheep and goats. Chamotte tempers are rarely seen.