Inanga. Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns, ). PDF Version. S.C. Moore. Every New Zealander knows what whitebait are, and most have probably eaten a fritter or. Learn more about the Inanga – with amazing Inanga photos and facts on Arkive. Description. Small, sleek and slender, with a small head and large eyes. Back amber to olive with a profusion of greenish-grey spots and speckles, and a bright .

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It may NOT be used within Apps. Adult inanga are the smallest of the five whitebait species, rarely exceeding mm in length. Field guide to the freshwater fishes of Australia. This species is usually considered amphidromousa particular type of diadromy meaning that reproduction occurs in fresh water and larval growth occurs in the sea.

Galaxias maculatus, Inanga : fisheries, gamefish, bait

Every New Zealander knows what whitebait are, and most have probably eaten a fritter or two in their time. Maximum size 19 cm TL; usually to around cm TL. Over the years, much has been said about the decline of the whitebait fishery and possible reasons for it. Because these sink rivers produce no eggs or larvae, a gap is galxaias during marine dispersal.

Yalaxias sexes are separate and fertilisation is external. Common galaxias Conservation status.

Voluntary emersion behaviour and physiological adaptations to aerial exposure in a non-aestivating freshwater fish in response to aquatic hypoxia. Their silvery belly and somewhat forked tail make them easy to maculagus from the other galaxiids except for their close relative the dwarf inanga, a species restricted to some dune lakes near Dargaville.

A ‘boom bust’ strategy whereby spawning occurs in one event and is followed by death, semelparityor spawning over multiple events before death jaculatus. When galaxis tides recede, the eggs survive and develop aerially in these moist environments for two to four weeks until the next spring tides.


Some jurisdictions permit fishing of the adults, but again under regulation or licence to preserve the adult population, but others ban it altogether unless the fisher belongs to an indigenous people e.

Galaxias maculatus – Wikipedia

Remarks The Common Galaxias has the largest natural distribution of any freshwater fish species. The eggs remain above the water level until the next spring tide when galaxjas hatch and are washed out to sea.

Is settlement at small spatial scales by diadromous fish from the Family Galaxiidae likely to mxculatus passive or active in a small coastal river? In areas where ga,axias have become naturalised, common galaxias are scarce. Species Citation Mesites maculatus JenynsZool. Sign our Guest Book. Spawning does not occur beyond the river estuaries, making this species ‘only marginally catadromous’ Ref.

Males generally reach sexual maturity earlier and at a smaller size than females. Rodents of Unusual Size. The juveniles are caught as whitebait while moving upstream and are much valued as a delicacy, leading to their protection with licensing and controlled fishing seasons to preserve adult populations.

Individuals mature after about one year, and usually die after spawning. Video of Common Galaxias whitebait in New Zealand. Large-scale geographic variation in the life history traits of a diadromous fish.

Terms of Use – The displayed portlet may be used as a link from your website to Arkive’s online content for private, scientific, conservation or educational purposes only. Known distribution Predicted distribution Penetration. Murray-Darling Basin Commission, pp. They are very poor climbers, however, and do not penetrate any distance inland unless the river gradient is very gradual. Although no longer fished commercially in Australia, whitebait were commercially fished in Tasmania until the ‘s.

Salinity tolerance and osmoregulatory ability of Galaxias maculatus Jenyns Pisces, Salmoniformes, Galaxiidae. Galaxiid species are, in general, threatened by human activities such as intensive agriculture and land change use. MyARKive offers the scrapbook feature to signed-up members, allowing you to organize your maculatue Arkive images and videos and share them with friends.


Females may produce many thousands of tiny adhesive eggs 1 mm diameter that are spawned onto on dense terrestrial vegetation either in flooded banks of streams or macluatus flooded by the high spring tides.

Unless landlocked within a lake, the common galaxias spawns mainly in autumn during spring tides in the galaxiaa influenced reaches of rivers and streams [11] but spawning in winter and spring has occurred.

Deposit eggs on the flooded grassy banks and complete their development after the water level subsides.

A Natural History and Guide. Morphology and systematic relationships. Hatching takes place when a second series of high tides again wash over the eggs.

Its vernacular names include cowfish, aglaxias, common jollytail, eel gudgeon, inaka, native trout, pulangi, slippery tarki, spotted minnow and whitebait. Separating natural responses from experimental artefacts: Fishes of the Murray-Darling Basin: Post-settlement migratory behaviour and growth-related costs in two diadromous fish species, Galaxias maculatus and Galaxias brevipinnis.

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Galaxias maculatus

Structure of the gonads. Life cycle and origin. Restoration of the spawning habitat helps to maintain connectivity between larvae from different rivers during marine dispersal. Modification of the tidally affected regions of stream and river banks by cattle browsing and flood control works have no doubt destroyed much spawning habitat.

This marine dispersal phase is a critical part of the common galaxias’s lifecycle, because it gives larvae from different populations or rivers the opportunity to ‘connect’.