8 Results The Mithraic Liturgy, Clergy and Devotees by Franz Cumont (). The Mysteries of Mithra by Franz Cumont (). CUMONT, FRANZ. Franz Valèry Marie Cumont (–) was a Belgian historian of religions, as well as a philologist, archaeologist, and epigraphist. Oriental Religions in Roman Paganism, by Franz Cumont, at

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These documents offer a rich and complex picture of the scientific, cultural, and political rranz of Cumont’s period and activity, and of the scholarly “cartography” of his time. He retired inand in he decided to live in Rome and Paris as a private scholar, rejecting offers of several academic positions. This page was last edited on 14 August cranz, at Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. Please try your request again later. First, the concept of “Oriental religions” is too imprecise and too general.

The Mysteries of Mithra by Franz Cumont A second and more vital cause, however, wrought to bring about the same result.

Books by Franz Cumont

Cumont examines how Greek myths — such as the stories of Phaeton, Marsyas, or the Muses — came to be used, through philosophical interpretation, as themes for the decoration of the sarcophagi of the upper classes.

With such a conception of latter-day paganism, we may more easily understand its strength and the bitter rivalry between it and the new faith, as well as the facility with which pagan society, once its cause was proved hopeless, turned to Christianity. Sanders in Nationaal Biographisch Woordenboek 1, Brussels,cols. After his death, critics of his interpretation of Mithras as the descendant of the Iranian deity Mithra began to be heard, and surfaced at the First International Congress of Mithraic Studies in Manchester England, Low to High Price: His studies are therefore not concerned alone with paganism, nor alone with the religions of the ancient past; in common with the labors of students of modern religion, they touch our own faith and our own times, and are in vital relation with our philosophy of living, and consequently with our highest welfare.

Books by Franz Cumont (Author of The Mysteries of Mithra)

December 15, Last Updated: In the Royal Library, Brussels, observed the fiftieth anniversary of Cumont’s death appropriately, with a colloquium on syncretism in the Mediterranean world of Antiquity.

Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. Brussels, city, capital of Belgium. In a Mithraeum was discovered at Dura-Europos by the combined French and American expedition, and Cumont promptly visited the site, where he worked for some time with his friend M. Amazon Renewed Refurbished products with a warranty.


Cumont’s international credentials were brilliant, but his public circumspection was not enough. Belief in a celestial immortality appeared to Cumont to have been borrowed from Irano-Chaldean magi by Greek philosophers.

The Great Mother and Attis, with self-consecration, enthusiasm, and frazn Isis and Serapis, with the ideals of communion and purification; Baal, the omnipotent dweller in the far-off heavens; Jehovah, the jealous God of the Hebrews, omniscient and omnipresent; Mithra, deity of the sun, with the Persian dualism of good and evil, and with after-death rewards and punishments–all these, and more, flowed successively into the channel of Roman life and mingled their waters to form frajz late Roman paganism which proved so pertinacious a foe to the Christian religion.

ComiXology Thousands of Digital Comics. In the fourth editionCumont added a chapter on the Dionysiac mysteries. Only 3 left in stock – order soon. Cumont’s presentation in The Mysteries of Mithra and The Oriental Religionsnothing is a greater mistake than to suppose that his popularizations are facile reading. Cumont’s other work fganz prime interest to students of the ancient faiths, Les religions orientales dans frannz paganisme romainappeared inwas revised and issued in a second edition inand is now presented in English in the following pages.

Christianity was not frnaz sudden and miraculous transformation, but a composite of slow and laborious growth.

Franz Cumont – Wikipedia

Their effort is only one manifestation of the interest of recent years in the study of universal religion; other manifestations of the same interest are to be seen in the histories of the Greek and Roman religions by. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. And yet, admirable as is M.

Cumont is an ideal contributor to knowledge in his chosen field. Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of The year following, this book appeared in the translation of Thomas J. Cumont, “that in modern Europe the faithful had deserted the Christian churches to worship Allah or Brahma, to follow the precepts of Confucius xumont Buddha, or to adopt the maxims of the Shinto; let us imagine a great confusion of all the races of the world in which Arabian mullahs, Chinese scholars, Japanese bonzes, Tibetan lamas and Hindu pundits should all be preaching fatalism and predestination.


We are not to suppose that religions are long-lived and tenacious unless they possess something vital which enables them to resist.

After receiving royal travelling fellowships, he undertook archaeology in Pontus and Armenia published in and in Syria, but he is best known for his studies on the impact of Eastern mystery religionsparticularly Mithraismon the Roman Empire. It is possible that all this might disquiet the minds of those who have been wont to assume perfection in the primitive Christian church, and who assume also that present-day Christianity is the ultimate form of the Christian religion.


Cumont thus accounts for the vitality of the old faiths: In The Mysteries of Mithra he put into circulation, so to speak, the coin of the ideas he had minted in the patient and careful study of Textes et Monuments ; and in the studies of The Oriental Religions he is giving to the wider public the interpretation of the larger and more comprehensive body of knowledge tranz which his acquaintance with the religion of Mithra is feanz a part, and against which as a background it stands.

Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Learn more about Amazon Prime. There was a problem with your submission.

This work is related to a great philological enterprise that Cumont began in Cumont’s work, then, transports us in imagination to a time when Christianity was still–at least in the eyes of Roman pagans–only one of a numerous array of foreign Eastern religions struggling for recognition in the Roman world, and especially in the city of Rome. Cumont traces the development of conceptions of the soul, especially in the Roman world.

But it is no less necessary to realize, in the second place, that, had there not been an essential solidarity of all these different faiths, the triumph of Christianity would have been achieved with much less difficulty and in much less time. He became professor of classical philology and ancient history at the University of Ghent ina position he left in when the minister of education, supported by the Catholic lobby, denied him the chair of Roman history.

xumont But the comparative study of the beliefs and institutions of mankind is fitted to be much more than a means of satisfying an enlightened curiosity and of furnishing materials for the researches of the learned. Cumont bequeathed his archive and rich library, in which the history of religions and the sciences were especially well represented, to the Belgian Academy in Rome.

Only 1 left in stock more on the way. Mysteries Of Mithra May 19, November 2, This article is available in print. He was an excellent philologist Hermann Diels’s favorite pupilepigraphist, and historian of religions, sciences, and art, and he was also deeply involved in geographical and institutional history.