Abuja, 28th July The Core Planning Team (CPT) for the ECOWAS Standby Force (ESF) Command Post Exercise (CPX) – code named. The African Standby Force (ASF) is an international, continental African, and multidisciplinary peacekeeping force with. More than 40 members of the Economic Community of West African States Standby Force (ESF) have begun a training course on international.
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Force africaine en attente  is an internationalcontinental Africanand multidisciplinary peacekeeping force with military, police corce civilian contingents that acts under the direction of the African Union.
The ASF is to be deployed in times of crisis in Africa. Ina operational date for the force was set. Before the founding of the African Union AU inits fore Organisation of African Unity OAU did not provide appropriate tools for a collective and comprehensive acting of African states torce times of violent crisis, mostly due to the shared value of non-interference into the internal affairs of states. During standhy s, a series of violent conflicts in Africa, most importantly the Genocide in Rwanda, urged the African states for a change in their common security collaboration.
The Constitutive Act now gave the AU the right to intervene in a member state in grave circumstances, namely war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity.
The same year, a new African Peace and Security Architecture APSA was presented, in order to build and strengthen African capacities for managing and resolving conflicts on the continent.
The APSA comprises five pillars that complement one another: The key document explicitly recognized the roles of the RECs in promoting peace and security in Africa. For that reason, the final concept for the ASF, presented in the Maputo Report of Julyat the time provided for five regional Standby Brigade forces: Article 13 of the Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council PSC of the African Union AU foresaw an ASF to be composed of standby multidisciplinary contingents, with civilian and military components in their countries of origin and ready for rapid deployment at appropriate notice.
For that purpose, the Protocol urged the member states to take steps to establish ecowwas contingents for participation in peace support missions decided on by the PSC or intervention authorized by the AU Assembly.
The strength and types of such contingents, their degree of readiness and general location should be determined in so-called Peace Support Standard Operating Procedures SOPsand shall be subject to periodic reviews depending on prevailing crisis and conflict situations.
Article 13 of the Protocol specifically directs the following functions to the ASF: According to the Protocol, the ASF is suggested to cooperate with the United Nations and its Agencies, other relevant international organizations and regional organizations, as well as with national authorities and NGOs, where appropriate.
The Maputo Report and The Policy Framework for the Establishment of the ASF from May mentions six scenarios for the deployment of the regional contingents of the Force in Peace Support Operations PSOsascending in their complexity of structures, management efforts and resources for deployment and sustainment.
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As long-term goals for the deployment of the Force, it was planned that scenario should be able to deploy in 30 days possible only if pre-mandate actions have been takenscenario 5 should complete deployment in 90 days, with the military component eocwas able to deploy in 30 days possible only if pre-mandate actions have been undertakenand finally, Scenario stqndby, implied that will be important the AU can deploy a robust military force in 14 days.
The RDC was decided to be an integral part of the regional Standby Forces to be deployed at the entry point, as foce precursor to the deployment of a larger mission.
According to the AU, it provided objective evidence to support proposals for further organizational and operational developments of training, procedures and multidimensional capacities of the ASF.
Each regional force is not on the same level of development. In January Ishaya Hassan of Nigeria was promoted to major general and assigned as the chief of the standby force staff, located in Addis Ababa. Throughout the last two decades, revitalizing the AMU proved to be very difficult due to standbby dynamics amongst member states.
Thus, there was a need to create a regional mechanism to enable North African countries to contribute to the African Ecwas Force. In the absence of a joint secretariat to coordinate cooperation amongst NARC member states, Libya voluntarily played this role during the initial phase of starting up NARC which lasted for three years Later on, the second meeting of NARC Ministers of Defence held in Tripoli in December approved a recommendation to establish an executive secretariat to be located in Tripoli.
While both Egypt and Algeria had identified staff for the two elements, these countries were yet to sign the hosting agreement with Libya, and in some cases the deployment of staff was constrained by domestic considerations including promotions and retirements. While the Brigade HQ to be located in Cairo and the two logistic depots to be located in Algiers and Cairo have been identified, they have yet to be made operational, due to political and bureaucratic constraints within the member states.
Furthermore, it seems that creating, rostering and deploying a civilian component is somewhat problematic due to the voluntary and individualistic nature of this component and the lack of AU stanrby guidance in this regard. It was reported via the Africa Research Bulletin that U. Under an agreement made on Tuesday, January 25,Algeria was planned to become the seat of both NARC headquarters and the force’s administration. The Task Force is structured into two infantry battalions Western and Eastern and a composite logistics battalion.
The initial Task Force is intended to be rapidly deployed and then the more robust, long-term Main Force is required afterwards. However, the MOU has been drafted, and meanwhilethere is a firm commitment of the different States leaders to provide personnel and facilities to facilitate any deployment of the Force. The military and police components are fully operational.
ECOWAS Standby Force | Economic Community of West African States(ECOWAS)
In the violent conflict in Mali ecowaasESF could not operate in a timely manner to prevent a further escalation of violence in the country. Under this arrangement, Members States pledged a force of police, military and civilians personnel and 6 airlift aircraft. In their view, the brigade headquarters would be established when a peace operation is authorized and would then be led by an individual State or a group of States, in coordination with the PLANELM.
The EASF operates with the vision to contribute to regional and continental peace and stability in the region, through a fully operational and multidimensional joint and integrated Eastern Standby Force ready for deployment bywith an Initial Operational Capability by The PLANELM is conducting capacity building activities within itself as forve as within Members States of the region to ensure that all the multidimensional elements of the Force are on standby in their respective countries for AU peace support operations.
The civilian component was subsequently established. Other capacity building and training activities are conducted through series of exercises in the region. The Roadmap also outlined several fields of progress stnadby the development of the ASF.
These achievements include the production of a set of common policy documents, an annual continental training program, and improved training standards ecowwas nations and standby forces that could be used collectively, albeit at an initial operational capability at the moment, mainly for logistic and institutional reasons. One sgandby criticism of the ASF is the accusation that, due to the delay in its establishment, the Force could not be used as a tool of peacemaking in the latest occurrence of crises in Africa, such as the fight against the Lord’s Resistance Army in Uganda, the war in Somalia, as well as the ongoing conflict in Standbt D.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 12 March Archived from the original on Borders Extreme points Member states Regions. Bureau Secretariat Gallagher Estate. African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights. Retrieved from ” https: Peacekeeping missions and operations involving the African Union Multinational units and formations. All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from March Webarchive template wayback links CS1 maint: Archived copy as title All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from June Articles with unsourced scowas from January Views Read Edit View history.