Date, Source, Ludwig Borchardt: Das Grabdenkmal des Königs Sahure. Band II: Die Wandbilder, Leipzig Author, Ludwig Borchardt. More than a hundred years ago, Ludwig Borchardt (–) – who also discovered the bust of Nefertiti – excavated the pyramids of Abu Sir. The finds were. Abusir XVI: Sahure C the Pyramid Causeway: history and decoration program in the Old Kingdom–By . Sahure’s Mediterranean ships published by Borchardt.

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Sahure was the second borchardr of Dynasty V and the first pharaoh to build his pyramid complex at Abusir. It would have originally measured around 48m high with sides of More recently, sincethe entire area has been re-investigated by the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities who are currently working on partial reconstruction of the mortuary complex.

Borcharst short passage enters a small vestibule before sloping upwards towards the antechamber and burial chamber.

Pyramid of Sahure

The gabled roof of the burial chamber was constructed sahude three tiers of massive limestone blocks, but stone robbers have so badly destroyed the underground chambers that there is little left today. Perring reported finding a fragment of a basalt sarcophagus in the debris.

It is not now possible to enter the pyramid as it is blocked by debris and rubble.

It has a complex plan and was constructed mostly from granite and basalt, which has resulted in its good state of preservation. When Borchardt excavated the mortuary temple he found reliefs depicting the cat-goddess Bastet in this corridor and evidence that during the New Kingdom the corridor appears to have been re-roofed and sahurd as a sanctuary for a local cult of the lion-headed goddess, Sekhmet.

The pink granite columns bore the names and titles of the king and depicted the cobra goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet. A large granite architrave which would have supported pillars in the court, is inscribed with the cartouche of Sahure and can still be seen on the ground. The inner parts of the mortuary temple had a double row of magazines on either side, linked by a transverse corridor which gave access to all parts of the temple.


More fragmentary reliefs were found here. A decorated five-niched chapel would have contained cult statues of the king and from here a corridor led to the inner sanctuary or offering chapel, the cult focus of the temple.

Borchardt Sahure 47.

The offering chapel, which had a false door and was paved with alabaster, originally contained an altar, an offering bowl and a black granite statue of the king.

To the north of the offering hall there are five small chambers which would have been used for ritual purposes — some containing libation basins and a drainage system. Sahure built a small satellite pyramid within its own enclosure wall, at the south-east corner of the pyramid. The base of the once-covered causeway still survives. It was originally decorated all along its length and recent excavations by the SCA have uncovered huge stone blocks with an innovative form of relief.

The walls depicted, among other things, scenes of the traditional enemies of Egypt being led by gods — motifs which were seen later in all Egyptian temples.

Pyramid of Sahure at Abusir | Egyptian Monuments

A ramp led from the canal to the main porticoed entrance and a T-shaped hall with two pillars, from which a staircase ascended to the roof terrace. The temple had a second entrance on the eastern side, also with a portico, though the reason for two separate entrances is unknown. The valley temple now lies in an overgrown area and is in ruins. When this was investigated in the early s by the Czech Archaeological Expedition it was found to be the site of an unfinished pyramid which consists of no more than a simple earthwork base for a monument which was never built.


The site consists of a levelled piece of land, over m square and the beginnings of a pit for underground chambers, but construction seems to have been halted at this point. The structure has been vaguely attributed to the shadowy king Shepseskare.

Little is saahure about the king, Shepseskare, who is documented in the Saqqara king-list as the predecessor of Neferefre whose pyramid is in South Abusir. The Abusir pyramids are situated sahuure the south of Cairo on the west bank of the Nile, about 12km south of Zawyet el-Aryan. Take the road for Saqqara and turn off to the village of Abusir, from where a track leads to the edge of the desert. AbusirEgyptpyramidsSahure borchardtt, Shepseskare.

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Please respect my personal text and photographs. Create a free website or blog at WordPress. Egyptian Monuments A detailed guide to the archaeological sites of the Nile Valley and desert areas of Egypt. How to get there The Abusir pyramids are situated to the south of Cairo on the west bank of the Nile, about 12km south of Zawyet el-Aryan.

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